Even if programs on community-based corrections are now widely known and used, still it came under attack because it fails to provide any ensurance that released offenders will not continue their criminal activity while under supervision.
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Housing more inmates in a cell than what it is designed for is common in the U. New approaches to offender management have different implications for different agents within the system, whose roles have, in the past, been more function than system focused for example, where the role of prosecutors has been primarily concerned with the lawful conviction of offenders, judges with the imposition of fair and just sentences, and institutional corrections with the safe and secure custody of offenders.
It is an alternative to incarceration because it allows the offender to stay within the community while participating in the programs of the institution with the aim of preventing the likelihood of an individual in committing crimes and in controlling future criminal behaviors.
Due to the increasing number of the prison population, policymakers seek alternative solutions to control or minimize criminal behavior which is less costly.
They are classified as to foreign and local sources. In theory, however, they should be based on some type of philosophy or basis for punishment — such as deterrence, retribution, reintegration, incapacitation, or rehabilitation.
Current policies encourage these agents to consider the impact of their individual responsibilities on a broader offender management strategy. New challenges present themselves every day.
Douglas Lipton, Robert The effectiveness of community-based corrections program essay and Judith Wilks concluded, While some treatment programs have had modest successes, it still must be concluded that the field of corrections has not yet found satisfactory ways to reduce recidivism by significant amounts.
Get Access The Effectiveness of Community-Based Corrections Program Essay Sample Correction is believed by many experts to be the most challenging and frustrating component of criminal justice. Thus, the effectiveness of parole, probation and other community-based corrections programs depends whether or not it fits the following correctional goals: Another is the back-door programs or back-end programs; these are community programs such as parole which allows community reentry of an offender.
One more kind of a back-door program is the prerelease program, it is an institutional setting for imprisoned offenders who have already served their sentence in prison and are nearing for a release.
Community corrections is a critical lynch pin in these efforts, responsible for effectively managing offenders while on probation and in some jurisdictions, pre-trial and parole. The above mentioned issues on the correctional institution also exist in Surigao City which made the government find other ways to eradicate and if not be able to minimize these problems and this led to the development of community-based corrections program.
Several types of community-based corrections programs such as probation, intermediate sanctions, boot camps, restitution, fines and day fines, house arrest and electronic monitoring and prisoner reentry are commonly used programs in the world.
There are the challenges of managing the inmates daily as well as the frustrations of inevitable mismanagement at attempting to accomplish multiple goals.
Electronic monitoring is a means to ensure to ensure that certain conditions of probation are met. However, the vast majority of offenders who commit crime should not go to jail or prison because the crime does not warrant imprisonment. Having to fight for air and space 24 hours a day make prison, in the words of inmates, a living death.
Fourth is restitution where in it has been implemented even in the time if Hammurabi. Overcrowding is dangerous to health and to human life. Some countries have it worse than the U. Add dirty tap water, dingy toilets, substandard meals, gang war, lack of prison personnel, favoritism, and having a system built for punishment, not for rehabilitation.
After the basic needs of an inmate are met, the formal rehabilitation process involves the following institutionalized programs: It is a throwback to the 18th century that treated prisoners as animals unfit to renew themselves and rejoin society.
It provides an experience much like those in the military basic training with serious physical training, hard work, and little or no free time Cromwell, Alarid and del Carmen, It has two main types namely the institutional correction and the non-institutional correction where both have the main goal: Review of Related Literature This portion of the study reviews books, electronic sources, and other literature which have direct bearing to the present study.
Over congestion also brutalizes life in penitentiaries and in provincial jails. Herding individuals in cramped spaces is cruel, inhuman, ill, degrading, and unjust punishment.
This was when the Geneva Convention introduced the United Nations Standards on the Treatment of Prisoners to which the country is a signatory. The Canadians and Brits are about the only ones left in the world who believe in the correctional rehabilitation of criminals, although there is a trend in contemporary jurisprudence for courts to take a more therapeutic approach Alighieri, Federal judges in many states have ruled since that every prisoner deserves at least 60 square feet of cell space.
Third are boot camps, or shock incarceration programs, these are meant to instill discipline and responsibility in young, nonviolent offenders who have no prior incarcerations. It includes punitive sentencing policies which contributed much to the correctional growth not just in institutional corrections but to non-institutional corrections as well or what we commonly known as community-based corrections Cromwell, Alarid and del Carmen, Community based correction is a more effective means of criminal punishment in comparison to incarceration.
Community based corrections is a program which supervises people who have been convicted or are facing conviction. Community-based alternatives to prison claim to be more effective in reducing recidivism than are traditional prisons, to be cheaper than prisons, and to reduce overcrowding in prisons and jails.
This study uses a case study approach of a community based program in the Midwest United States to determine if those community corrections alternatives. This sample Community Corrections Research Paper is published for educational and informational purposes only.
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This. Community based correctional programs facilitate many of the factors linked with the successful re-integration of the offender into the community.
For criminals being released from prison into a community based correctional facility, the benefits of community corrections are rather obvious.
This research conducted a case study of a community-based program in the Midwest to determine whether community corrections alternatives to incarceration were more cost-effective than prisons and jails and achieved the goal of reducing overcrowding in custodial facilities.
Community corrections programs oversee offenders outside of jail or prison, and are administered by agencies or courts with the legal authority to enforce sanctions.
Community corrections include probation — correctional su pervision within the community rather than jail or prison — and parole.Download